Russian Academy of Sciences

Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics

Theoretical seminars in Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems

Seminars are held on Thursdays in the conference hall Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems in Moscow, beginning at 11:30.

You can subscribe and receive announcements about ITP seminars. If you have any questions, please contact the secretary of the seminar Yakov Fominov.

Josephson and non-Josephson emission from Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ mesa structures

22 November, the day after tomorrow in 11:30

Vladimir Krasnov (Stockholm University, Sweden)

Mesa structures made of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ high-temperature superconductor represent stacks of atomic scale intrinsic Josephson junctions. When voltage is applied to such mesas, they can generate various types of waves (photons, phonons, polaritons, magnons, plasmons) in a variety of different ways. In this talk I will overview both Josephson and non-Josephson mechanisms of emission, including the standard ac-Josephson effect for emission of electromagnetic waves [1], segnetoelectric effect for emission of phonons and polaritons [2] and non-equilibrium quasiparticle relaxation and recombination for emission of any type of bosons, having strong electron-boson interaction and participating in pairing [3]. Those effects are important both for applied research, e.g., creation of tunable, compact, continuous wave and monochromatic THz source with a frequency span in the whole THz gap region and beyond 0.1-15 THz [1,2], and for fundamental understanding of the mechanism of pairing in high-temperature superconductors [3].
[1] E. A. Borodianskyi and V.M. Krasnov, Josephson emission with frequency span 1–11 THz from small Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ mesa structures, Nature Commun. 8, 1742 (2017).
[2] S. O. Katterwe, H. Motzkau, A. Rydh, and V. M. Krasnov, Coherent generation of phonon-polaritons in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x intrinsic Josephson junctions, Phys. Rev. B 83, 100510(R) (2011).
[3] V.M. Krasnov, S.O. Katterwe, & A. Rydh, Signatures of the electronic nature of pairing in high-Tc superconductors obtained by non-equilibrium boson spectroscopy, Nature Commun. 4, 2970 (2013).

Unconventional magnons and their impact on spin pumping transport

6 December in 11:30

Wolfgang Belzig (University of Konstanz, Germany), Akashdeep Kamra (NTNU Trondheim, Norway)

Exotic quasiparticles have been observed in complex spin systems exhibiting spin ice rules, skyrmions and so on. Here, we discuss the emergence of novel quasiparticles, mediated by magnetic dipolar interactions that have been hiding in simpler spin systems with uniformly ordered ground states. Amongst other properties, these quasiparticles exhibit a spin ranging from zero to above 1ℏ [1]. Of particular interest is our finding that the eigenmodes in an easy-axis antiferromagnet are spin-zero quasiparticles instead of the widely believed spin-1 magnons [2]. These unusual properties originate from a competition between quantum mechanical squeezing (increasing the spin) and hybridization (decreasing the spin).
We then present a theoretical study of spin transport across a ferrimagnet/non-magnetic conductor interface, when a magnetic eigenmode is driven into a coherent state. In the simple case of ferromagnets with non-integer “effective spin” above 1ℏ, we show that spin-current noise measurement can reveal this fundamental quantum phenomenon [1]. This is in full analogy to the effective charge known e.g. in the fractional quantum Hall regime, which has been experimentally determined via shot noise measurements.
Furthermore, we extend our model to continuously encompasses systems from ferromagnets to antiferromagnets [3] and include novel dissipation terms [4], thereby allowing analytical results for the full range of materials within a unified description. We also allow arbitrary interfaces (disordered and asymmetric). The obtained spin current expression includes intra- as well as cross-sublattice terms. We find that the cross-sublattice terms, disregarded in previous studies, play an important role and result in qualitative changes to our understanding of spin pumping in antiferromagnets. The dc current is found to be sensitive to the asymmetry in interfacial coupling between the two sublattice magnetizations and the mobile electrons, especially for antiferromagnets.
[1] A. Kamra and W. Belzig, Super-Poissonian shot noise of squeezed-magnon mediated spin transport, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 146601 (2016).
[2] A. Kamra, U. Agrawal, and W. Belzig, Noninteger-spin magnonic excitations in untextured magnets, Phys. Rev. B 96, 020411(R) (2017).
[3] A. Kamra and W. Belzig, Spin pumping and shot noise in ferrimagnets: bridging ferro- and antiferromagnets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 197201 (2017).
[4] A. Kamra, R. E. Troncoso, W. Belzig, and A. Brataas, Gilbert damping phenomenology for two-sublattice magnets, arXiv:1808.04385 (to appear in Phys. Rev. B).